Do you feel like your ejaculations are not as forceful as they used to be? It could be because of age. The penile muscles involved in squeezing semen out of your penis get affected by age, too. It could also be because you’re not producing as much semen as you used to.
Although weak ejaculations are considered a normal part of aging, it doesn’t mean that you shouldn’t pay attention to it when it starts happening. In fact, if the changes in how you ejaculate and how much semen you ejaculate are too significant, you should seek medical advice. Continue reading and learn more about what’s causing your ejaculations to become weaker.
Causes Of Weak Ejaculation
Ejaculation basically happens in two stages. The first is called emission, which is when semen is collected in the urethral bulb for ejaculation. The second stage is called expulsion, which is when semen gets squeezed out of your urethra. Problems in either of these stages will cause a weak ejaculation.
1. Hormone Levels
Hormones are involved in almost all aspects of our bodily processes, including ejaculations. How well your reproductive system functions will significantly depend on the balance of various hormones. These include the follicle-stimulating hormone or FSH and the luteinizing hormone or LH.
Of course, testosterone is also a key player. Your testosterone levels can affect how your central and peripheral nervous systems will trigger an ejaculation.
These hormones, along with neurotransmitters like oxytocin, serotonin, and norepinephrine are all involved in the complex process of ejaculations. When any of these hormones and neurotransmitters are lacking, it can negatively impact how you climax, and can even result in weak ejaculations, premature, or delayed ejaculations.
2. Pelvic Muscles
In the expulsion phase of ejaculation, the pelvic striated muscles, as well as the urethra and bladder neck all play crucial roles. During this phase, your sperm, along with your seminal fluid is propelled from your urethra to your penis glans or the opening of your penis.
Expulsion is regulated by your spinal cord reflexes, wherein the smooth muscle cells in your bladder neck contract, blocking your semen from flowing back to your bladder. Your pelvic floor muscles contract rhythmically to push your semen through your urethra and out of your penis.
When your pelvic muscles become weaker as you grow older, the force with which these muscles propel semen out of your penis could also become weaker. This results in ejaculations that are less forceful than they used to be.
Of course, this is a subjective thing. Only you will notice the difference in how your ejaculations feel. However, if this makes sex less enjoyable for you, you shouldn’t be embarrassed to discuss this with your urologist.
Your urologist may actually advise you to practice pelvic floor muscle exercises, as these types of exercises have been gaining recognition with regard to improving ejaculatory functions. In fact, pelvic floor muscle exercises have been found to help with premature ejaculation and erectile dysfunction.
3. Retrograde Ejaculation
When you ejaculate, the muscles found in your bladder neck are supposed to contract. By contracting, your bladder neck prevents your semen from flowing backward to your bladder. However, if there’s something wrong with your bladder neck, then it won’t be able to perform this function well. This can result in retrograde ejaculations.
When retrograde ejaculation happens, a part or all of your semen goes to your bladder. Hence, even though you go through the motions and sensations of having achieved orgasm, only a little semen would actually be ejaculated out of your penis. There will also be times when no semen comes out at all. When this happens, it’s referred to as a dry ejaculation.
Retrograde ejaculations may be caused by several factors. If you’ve had surgery on your prostate, it may affect your ejaculatory functions and result in retrograde ejaculations. Testicular cancer and BPH or benign prostatic hyperplasia are also associated with retrograde ejaculations.
Medications for BPH like alpha-blockers can also contribute to retrograde ejaculations. These medications cause the bladder neck muscles to relax. And because your bladder neck muscles don’t contract properly, this means the connection between your bladder and urethra remain open. Your sperm can flow from the urethra to the bladder through this opening.
Since ejaculation happens as a spinal cord reflex, any nerve damage that might affect how well nerve impulses are transmitted between your penis and spinal cord can also lead to problems with ejaculation. Multiple sclerosis and spinal cord injuries, for example, are known to cause retrograde ejaculations.
4. Perceived ejaculate volume reduction (PEVR)
Perceived ejaculate volume reduction is actually a common ejaculatory problem for men. This condition simply means that the volume of semen you ejaculate is lesser. PEVR usually happens in conjunction with other sexual dysfunctions like erectile dysfunction or delayed ejaculation.
Other factors that can lead to having a low volume of ejaculate include treatment for cancer such as prostate gland radiation therapy. Medications that are used to treat hypertension, depression, and enlarged prostate are also associated with having a lower volume of ejaculated semen.
Low androgen levels, testicular problems, and diabetes can also lead to low ejaculate volume. When your testosterone levels are much lower than normal, it can affect your prostate and seminal vesicles, which are both responsible for producing seminal fluid.
Your seminal vesicles and prostate gland both need testosterone in order for them to produce seminal fluid properly. Not having enough testosterone can result in low seminal fluid production, which means the semen you ejaculate will be lesser in volume.
Treatment Options For Weak Ejaculation
If retrograde ejaculation is the main reason why your ejaculations are weaker, your doctor may prescribe medications that will help ensure your bladder stays closed when you ejaculate. Examples of medications prescribed for this purpose include brompheniramine, ephedrine, and midodrine.
You should also ask your doctor if it’s safe for you to try dietary supplements that help with ejaculatory problems since there are many male sex enhancement supplements that are known to help improve ejaculatory and erectile functions.